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Report: Manchester Attack Might Have Been Prevented

7:56 AM, Tuesday, 12/05/2017
By: Gideon Gottfried

An independent assessment of the UK’s domestic intelligence agency MI5 and police reveals that the May 22 attack on Manchester Arena might have been prevented, had authorities appreciated the available intelligence.  AP Photo / Rui Vieira Manchester AftermathA fan leaves the Park Inn hotel in central Manchester, England, May 23

David Anderson QC, the UK’s former independent reviewer of terrorism legislation, penned the report dubbed “Attacks in London and Manchester.” In June, Anderson was hired by the UK’s home secretary to provide independent quality assurance to police and MI5 reviews of the four terrorist attacks on London and Manchester between March and June 2017.

The report states “it is conceivable that the Manchester attack in particular might have been averted had the cards fallen differently.”

Emphasizing that the report’s aim wasn’t to blame anybody but rather learn from mistakes, Anderson comes to the conclusion that MI5’s intelligence on the attacker Salman Abedi “can be seen to have been highly relevant to the planned attack” in retrospect.

MI5 had closed Abedi as a subject of interest (SOI) after an investigation in 2014. According to the report, the agency has a process of identifying subjects it previously lost interest in, but who merited further examination, “using targeted data exploitation and other automated techniques.”

Abedi had fallen into that category, and a meeting, which had been arranged before the May 22 attack, was due to take place on May 31 to reassess his case.

Anderson’s review team concluded, that the decision to close Abedi as a SOI was “sound on the basis of the information available at the time,” and that the significance of the intelligence MI5 handled in early 2017 “was not appreciated at that time.”

Peter Byrne / PA via APManchester Arena ExplosionsArmed police gather at Manchester Arena after reports of an explosion at the venue during an Ariana Grande gig in Manchester, England, May 22. Police say there are “a number of fatalities” after reports of an explosion at an Ariana Grande concert in northern England

The report also notes that despite Abedi’s status as a closed SOI, “an opportunity was missed by MI5 to place Salman Abedi on ports action following his travel to Libya in April 2017. This would have triggered an alert when he returned shortly before the attack, which could have enabled him to be questioned and searched at the airport by CT Policing under Schedule 7 to the Terrorism Act 2000.”

The reviewers emphasize, however, that “there is a high degree of inherent uncertainty in speculating as to what might or might not have been discovered if an investigation had been opened on the basis of the new intelligence; but that on the clear balance of professional opinion, a successful pre-emption of the gathering plot would have been unlikely.”

Manchester City Council recently pointed out that it felt let down by the UK government, describing its financial aid in the May 22 aftermath as insufficient. Theresa May subsequently pledged that Manchester would receive the financial support it needed, which could be up to £28 million, according to the city’s mayor Andy Burnham.

MGM is in crisis as hundreds of Las Vegas shooting victims accuse the Mandalay Bay of missing red flags

MGM is in crisis as hundreds of Las Vegas shooting victims accuse the Mandalay Bay of missing red flags

Kate Taylor

  • Nov. 21, 2017

Hundreds of victims of the Las Vegas shooting have filed lawsuits against the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino and its parent company MGM Resorts International.

Several lawsuits — the largest of which was filed on behalf of 450 people — attempt to hold MGM legally liable for the shooting, which killed 58 people and injured hundreds more. Victims are additionally suing the shooter Stephen Paddock’s estate and the concert organizer Live Nation Entertainment Inc. as well as, in some cases, the manufacturer of the bump stocks that allowed Paddock to fire as if he were using automatic weapons.

The crux of the lawsuits’ arguments is that MGM and the Mandalay Bay failed to take preventive measures that might have foiled the attack. Plaintiffs argue that staff members should have been better trained to spot red flags with Paddock.

Over the three days between when Paddock checked in to the hotel and fired from his window at a concert across the street, Paddock took at least 10 suitcases filled with firearms into his room. Police officials said Paddock also constructed an elaborate surveillance system in the hotel, placing two cameras in the hallway outside his suite — one on a service cart — as well as a camera in his door’s peephole.

“The incident that took place on October 1st was a terrible tragedy perpetrated by an evil man,” MGM said in a statement to Business Insider. “These kinds of lawsuits are not unexpected and we intend to defend ourselves against them. That said, out of respect for the victims, we will give our response through the appropriate legal channels.”

New decision is ominous for Mandalay Bay

mandalay bay windows las vegas shooting David Becker/Getty Images

In October, the Nevada Supreme Court found that MGM could be held liable in a 2010 assault on a California couple at one of the company’s hotels, the Las Vegas Review-Journal reported. The court ruled that the attack was “foreseeable” because there had been similar cases of violence at the hotel.

The question of whether the Las Vegas shooting was foreseeable is at the center of the Mandalay Bay lawsuits.

With several high-profile mass shootings having taken place in the US before the Las Vegas shooting, attorneys may argue that hotels and other venues should know to expand measures to try to prevent them, legal experts told Business Insider before any cases were filed.

“Foreseeability is one of the key components of liability,” said Dick Hudak, a managing partner of Resort Security Consulting.

Heidi Li Feldman, a professor at Georgetown Law School, says it’s “entirely feasible” that an attorney would make this argument based on the fact that mass shootings have taken place at other entertainment venues.

“If Congress isn’t regulating gun ownership, it is going to be private parties … who end up regulating their own premises,” Feldman said.

The hotel industry has no national standards for security, and hotels aren’t typically held accountable for guests’ behavior. But if any of the hundreds of victims suing Mandalay Bay win their case, it could set a new precedent for the way hotels handle security.

Drone drops leaflets over football stadiums, raising security concerns

Drone drops leaflets over football stadiums, raising security concerns

A drone operator was arrested on Sunday for allegedly flying a small aircraft over two football stadiums in California, prompting an investigation by federal, state and local law enforcement.

The suspect, who was not immediately identified, used a drone to distribute anti-media leaflets over NFL crowds during the game between the 49ers and the Seattle Seahawks at Levi’s Stadium, according to The San Francisco Chronicle.

The drone then moved on to the Coliseum stadium in Oakland and attempted to drop flyers over people watching the Raiders game against the Denver Broncos, authorities said.

“If they are dropping leaflets, they can drop anything really, if you think about it, and it’s kind of scary to think that someone can just fly something over during the game and nobody can really stop it,” Ariana Rivera, a 49ers fan, told local KGO-TV station.

Most leaflets did not reach the people, as they were carried away by the wind.

Santa Clara Police Lt. Dan Moreno said the man was motivated by “something about free speech and his belief that television stations are corrupt,” the Chronicle reported.

The drone enthusiast broke a number of laws by flying the device over the stadiums. It is illegal to fly a drone within five miles of an airport and local laws in Santa Clara ban any drones within 500 yards of a facility, according to the police chief.

Both stadiums were within the five mile radius of an airport.

“If one of them were to crash, the blades are sharp — we certainly don’t want them hitting the crowd or the players,” said Moreno, the Chronicle reported. “It’s kind of up to the abilities of the drone operators and there is no way of knowing if they know what they are doing. A stadium is not a good place to fly a drone.”

After the Iron Bowl, Jordan-Hare Stadium’s a bit of a mess

After the Iron Bowl, Jordan-Hare Stadium’s a bit of a mess

Dr. Saturday Jay Busbee,Dr. Saturday, 11/28/17

You may have heard that Auburn defeated Alabama last weekend in the Iron Bowl, a triumphant victory that resounded across the state and the nation. Such milestones don’t come along all that often for Auburn these days, so the fans celebrated by storming the field at Jordan-Hare Stadium. Nice idea, but it’s going to cost the university a quarter of a million dollars in fines and require some extensive landscaping work.

You can understand fans’ enthusiasm; Auburn hadn’t beaten Alabama since 2013, and the victory may well have denied the Tide a slot in the College Football Playoff. But the fans, showing more passion than athleticism, had a little trouble clearing the hedges that surround the field.

As a result, both the hedges and the field are pretty chewed up, and Auburn is in the process of assessing the damage to both. A sweep of the hedges has turned up cellphones, sunglasses and other assorted paraphernalia left behind by revelers.

“The extent of the real damage will not be seen until the spring, when the Bermudagrass breaks dormancy,” Eric Kleypas, Auburn’s director of athletic turf and grounds, told the Opelika-Auburn News.  “Then, we will know if the field can recover without the need for sod.” Crews will need to fertilize the bushes to help them recover, and may need to aerate the field to help it recover from getting stomped by tens of thousands of joyous Tiger fans.

The field-storming not only simulated the force of an earthquake, it triggered a $250,000 fine. The SEC has prohibited field-storming since 2004, and this marked Auburn’s third such violation of the rule. “Fans are expected to remain in the stands and avoid the safety concerns associated with rushing on to the playing field,” SEC commissioner Greg Sankey said in a statement. “We want exciting experiences around SEC games, but also seek to maintain a safe environment for student-athletes, coaches, spectators and officials.”

This, of course, isn’t the first landscaping-related trauma associated with the Iron Bowl; several years ago, a fanatic Alabama fan poisoned Auburn’s famed Toomer Oaks. While the Jordan-Hare damage doesn’t appear as extensive, it has the distinction of being self-inflicted.

Auburn won’t be back in Jordan-Hare until 2018, so there’s plenty of time to get the field in shape. And if the Tigers bring back some new hardware for the trophy case, all will be forgiven.

Alabama fan shoots Auburn fan over which team is better, police say

Alex ScarboroughESPN Staff Writer Nov. 16, 2017

An argument between an Alabama and Auburn fan Monday over which team is better escalated to the point of gunfire, Mobile (Alabama) Police said.

According to police, the Alabama fan shot the Auburn fan outside of an Extenda Suites motel around 7 p.m. on Monday.

“The male subject got mad, pulled out a firearm and struck the victim in the thigh and fled,” the police report said.

Mobile Police arrested 28-year-old Rodney Alexander on Thursday night on a charge of first-degree assault.

The victim’s condition was unknown as of Thursday afternoon.

No. 1 Alabama and No. 6 Auburn are set to play in the rivalry game known as the Iron Bowl on Nov. 25.

The winner will move on to play in the SEC championship game the following weekend and with a win could find itself with a spot in the College Football Playoff.

Edmonton terror attacks: suspect was known to Canadian security services

The Guardian

Canadian police have arrested a Somalian man suspected of stabbing an officer and deliberately ramming pedestrians during a high-speed chase in a rented truck, injuring four in what Prime Minister Justin Trudeau denounced as a “terrorist attack”.

Authorities in Edmonton confirmed the 30-year-old had applied for asylum and was known to the security services following a complaint in 2015.

“There was insufficient evidence to pursue terrorism charges,” Marlin Degrand, of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police said at a press conference, adding: “The suspect was not deemed to pose a threat to Canada.”

Police declined to identify the man because he had not yet been charged, saying the pending charges included terrorism and five counts of attempted murder.

The arrest early on Sunday came after an officer was run over outside a football game and attacked with a knife. Hours later, a U-Haul van injured four other people after swerving into pedestrians in a second attack police believe is related.


The recovery of an Islamic State flag from one of the vehicles used in the attacks had led police to pursue the incidents as an act of terrorism.

Edmonton police chief Rod Knecht said officers took a suspect into custody and they think he acted alone. The attack began outside a Canadian Football League game at Commonwealth Stadium on Saturday night. Police said a white Chevrolet Malibu rammed a traffic control barricade and sent an officer flying into the air 15ft.

Knecht said the driver then got out and assaulted the officer with a knife before fleeing on foot. The officer was taken to a hospital and treated for non-life threatening injuries while a manhunt was launched. “It’s not critical,” Knecht said of the injuries.

A few hours later, a U-Haul van was stopped at an impaired driving check stop north of downtown on Wayne Gretzky Drive. Knecht said the name of the driver was close to the name of the registered owner of the car that hit the officer. He said the U-Haul sped off toward downtown with police in pursuit.

Police say the U-Haul intentionally swerved at pedestrians at crosswalks throughout the chase. Four people were injured – the extent of their injuries was not immediately known. The van eventually flipped near a downtown hotel and a suspect was arrested.

“It is believed at this time that these two incidents are related,” Knecht said. “It was determined that these incidents are being investigated as acts of terrorism.”


Knecht said Edmonton police wre working with the Royal Canadian Mounted police’s national security enforcement team and other Canadian security agencies. Knecht told the public to remain vigilant and observant of their surroundings.

Knecht said police did not call off the chase of the U-Haul due to the seriousness of the crime. Witness Pat Hannigan told reporters he saw police pull the man from the windshield of the toppled U-Haul. He estimated 30 police cars were chasing the U-Haul.

Austin Elgie, manager of the Pint bar just west of the downtown core, also saw the van zoom by with police giving chase. The van “peeled” into an alley where people were smoking, he said.

“It was crazy,” he said. “It just came around the corner, ripping. I thought at first he was pulling over for the cops coming by, but he was clearly the one they were chasing.”

Elgie said the van hit a man who was a bar customer.

“I have a registered nurse on my bar team and I grabbed her and had her look after the guy until the ambulance came,” he said. “He was breathing and we got him in the ambulance and he was still breathing.”

Rachel Notley, the Alberta premier, said on Twitter her thoughts were with the injured officer and she was hoping for a speedy recovery.

It was military appreciation night at the football game between the Edmonton Eskimos and the Winnipeg Blue Bombers. Canada’s chief of defence staff, Gen Jonathan Vance, conducted the pregame coin flip at Commonwealth Stadium and two CF-18 fighter jets did a fly-past before kickoff. More than 800 Boy Scouts were expected at the game and many were planning to camp out on the field afterward.

Safety & Security Leaders Offer Recommendations For Tech And Event Staff Safety

October 20, 2017
by R.V. Baugus, IAVM
, , ,

By Russ Simons, Mark Herrera, and Dr. Lou Marciani

The recent events in Las Vegas have identified an area of public assembly facility event operations that involves technical production and event support personnel who need more direction, and we may not be providing all of the information necessary.

In our opinion, this issue requires an industry wide response, which is why we have joined together. This communication is intended to provide some initial direction to facilities of all types, including Arenas, Convention Centers & stadiums, as well as fairs and festivals of all sizes. You can expect that the issues surrounding information, training and response to recent events by public assembly professionals will be included in our continuing commitment to improvement in all areas of Safety and Security in our facilities and at our events.

Questions have been raised about the recommended protocols for technical production and event support personnel who are not regular staff at our facilities and events and how to improve their responses to an emergency situation.

An example is the procedure used to educate and inform visiting teams in many professional sports environments where a mandatory meeting is scheduled with the key staff representing the visiting team and emergency procedures for the facility are communicated using diagrams, maps, or other support information necessary (including rally points etc.) to ensure they know what to do in an emergency situation.

Event-based temporary technical production and event support personnel should be informed of this information through their internal chain of command, i.e., show producers and production managers.

Untrained technical production and event support personnel should never ever take any unilateral action in an emergency situation.

In an emergency situation, technical production and event support personnel should follow the direction of trained Facility, Fair, or Festival staff members.

It is our combined advice that everyone examine the information provided to show producers and production managers to ensure that there is clear direction as to how they, their staff and any sub-contract service providers should respond in an emergency.

We further recommend that everyone look closely at and identify any other areas where as an industry we may not be providing regular and repeated information to any untrained groups in our facilities, fairs and events on how to respond in an emergency. Examples include third party providers for food & beverage concessions, banquet and catering personnel, merchandise sales, not-for profit groups, specialty or one-off programs like designated driver booths and sponsor/partnership activations, and entertainment performers and support personnel.

Russ Simons is on the DHS Public Assembly Facility Sub-Sector Council, Mark Herrera is IAVM Director of Education, and Dr. Lou Marciani is Director of the National Center for Spectator Sports Safety and Security (NCS4)

San Francisco 49ers Experiment With TSA Pre✓ Technology

Artificial Intelligence, NFL, Technology October 23, 2017October 23, 2017 Jen Booton

The San Francisco 49ers became the second NFL team to launch a multi-year partnership with the parent company of TSA Pre✓.

Borrowing from the same technology that the Jets recently implemented to enhance the fan experience, the 49ers teamed up with IdentoGO by IDEMIA to launch a pilot program centered around fan biometrics.

To kick off the partnership, fans on Sunday heading into Levi’s Stadium to watch the Dallas Cowboys rout the 49ers were given access to expedited TSA Pre✓ enrollment opportunities outside Levi’s Stadium. It will be available at every home game this season.

Over time, however, the partnership will prove much more expansive, with the team and IdentoGO experimenting with a range of technologies to streamline fan entry into Levi’s Stadium and bolster security using biological identifiers such as retina or fingerprint scans.

The two will also partner on ways to use the technology to enhance fan rewards programs and other in-stadium experiences, including potentially implementing cashless and contactless payments for concessions and merchandise, as well as potentially using biometrics to identify and reward super fans or season ticket holders.

“We’re always looking for innovative ways to enhance security at Levi’s Stadium and IDEMIA’S IdentoGO technology complements our efforts as we strive to provide expedited entry for pre-approved customers,” Jim Mercurio, the 49ers’ vice president of stadium operations and Levi’s Stadium general manager, said in a statement. “We look forward to working with IDEMIA to jointly deploy the first-ever Trusted Fan Program which we plan on implementing in stages.”

The 49ers have previously implemented technology in hopes it would expedite fan entry. In September 2016, Levi’s Stadium partnered with Qylur Intelligent Systems to use self-service machines called Qylatrons that combined fan greeting, ticket-taking and bag security screening.

It’s unclear how (or if) the Qylatron will fit into the new technologies being developed by IdentoGO.

School District to Restrict Carry-Ins at Football Games

by Matt Bise
October 2017

Copyright 2017 The Post and Courier
All Rights Reserved

Post & Courier (Charleston, SC)

In what is being called a proactive measure that is part of an ongoing safety initiative, the Berkeley County School District piloted a “Clear Bag or No Bag” entry procedure for those attending high school football games at Goose Creek High School starting with the game Friday against visiting Fort Dorchester.

The statement released by the district Oct. 2 said the new rule will take effect on Oct. 6 and would advance district security and safety measures.

“Implementing the ‘Clear Bag or No Bag’ entry procedure allows staff and on-site law enforcement to quickly and easily identify prohibited items thus reducing delays that result from traditional bag searches,” said Tim Knight, BCSD Safety and Security Coordinator. “We want our fans and guests to enter and enjoy our facilities with the peace of mind that we are taking proactive steps necessary to ensure their safety and the safety of their families.”

The statement does not mention a specific threat but said Goose Creek High is the best place to begin the new district wide safety initiative.

“As Goose Creek High School is currently our largest high school, it was the best location to pilot this new safety measure,” Knight said.

Each ticketed individual is allowed to carry one clear tote bag, not to exceed 12 inches by 6 inches by 12 inches and a small clutch or wallet can be included in this clear tote if it does not exceed 4.5 inches by 6.5 inches. A clear tote bag is not required to carry small permissible items such as keys, wallets, cell phones, credit cards and cash.

“We prefer our fans and guests to attend events without carrying any bag; however, we understand that it is necessary for some individuals to utilize a non-clear bag for medically necessary items or equipment,” Knight said.

“We commend and applaud Berkeley County School District for their willingness to pilot a ‘Clear Bag or No Bag’ entry procedure and look forward to working alongside their leaders to continue to improve safety measures at district schools and facilities,” said Berkeley County Sheriff Duane Lewis. “It is important that we consider all proactive measures and continue to explore all options available to us to ensure the safety of the students.”

In addition, the district wants to remind fans that once they have received clearance to enter the event, they will not be allowed to re-enter.

The Berkeley County School District will begin enforcing its “Clear Bag or No Bag” policy beginning Friday.

In Las Vegas, Concert Security Met a New Threat: Aerial Assault


It was a “watershed” attack, “one in a million,” an all-but-unforeseeable “black swan.”

In the aftermath of the mass shooting at the Las Vegas country music festival, event security professionals — many with years of experience thwarting bad actors in bustling crowds — are characterizing the ambush in darkly exceptional, almost fatalistic terms. But they are also reckoning with ever-changing threats in their field after the aerial assaults that killed at least 59 people and injured more than 520 on Sunday.

The specter of calamity is especially worrisome for open-air events in urban environments — including the Austin City Limits music festival, which begins Friday in a Texas park and is now undergoing renewed security assessments.

“There is no manual for this,” said Chris Robinette, the president of Prevent Advisors, a security subsidiary of Oak View Partners, a company that advises sports and entertainment venues like Madison Square Garden. “It is a dynamic process that requires promoters, venue managers, local authorities and other stakeholders to work together.”

Ever since the Sept. 11 attacks, standard security protocol at concerts, festivals and other large entertainment events has become increasingly sophisticated, mirroring the mainstream adoption of previously unheard-of safety precautions at airports around the country. Music gatherings — long bastions of ephemeral intimacy and relaxed inhibitions — have become the site of bomb-sniffing dogs, body scanners and high-definition closed circuit cameras, particularly in the wake of recent large-scale attacks on concerts including the Bataclan rock club in Paris and the Manchester Arena.


Las Vegas Shooting: Chaos at a Concert and a Frantic Search at Mandalay Bay

How one of the deadliest mass shootings in American history unfolded.

OPEN Graphic

Jeff Dorenfeld, a music business professor at Berklee College of Music with a focus on touring and festivals, recalled a time when concert security barely existed. “I was at Altamont,” said Mr. Dorenfeld, who went on to tour with Ozzy Osbourne and Boston, of the 1969 concert infamous for deaths and violence. “There wasn’t real security.”

But even with the gradual ratcheting up of protections, a new wave of mass casualty events has highlighted the ways determined attackers can wreak havoc by shifting their focus to the areas immediately surrounding venues.

In Las Vegas, the gunman, Stephen Paddock, executed his killing spree from a towering window at the Mandalay Bay Resort and Casino — around 400 yards away from the festival site — well outside the usual security perimeter of pat-downs and metal detectors that is created for such events. He slipped the hotel’s own security apparatus, and chose an open-air target that is by definition vulnerable from a high elevation.

“We have to go back to Lee Harvey Oswald on the book depository to conjure a similar scenario,” said Steven A. Adelman, vice president of the Event Safety Alliance, by telephone Monday afternoon, referring to the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. “This really is unique.”

Louis Marciani, the director of the National Center for Spectator Sports Safety and Security, struggled to imagine how a similar assault might be prevented in the future. “There’s no way that any good operation would have caught that,” he said of the shooting. “We’ve now got to go back to the drawing board.”


The Austin City Limits Music Festival in 2011. The 2017 festival begins on Friday. After the Las Vegas shooting, the Austin police chief said, “Whenever you have an incident occur you always have to be concerned about copycats.” Credit Ben Sklar for The New York Times

Las Vegas Village, the site of Route 91 Harvest Festival, is owned by the same company — MGM Resorts International — as the hotel where Mr. Paddock opened fire. It is likely that there was at least some preplanning between the two facilities before the festival took place. (MGM has not commented.) But even if Mandalay Bay were on high alert last weekend, snaring Mr. Paddock would most likely have required a level of screening that far exceeds current practices.

“You’d have to have X-ray machines and magnetometers at every single entrance,” said Mr. Adelman. “No hotel does that.”

Festival organizers could choose to avoid locations near the sorts of tall buildings that can offer gunmen cover and a clear vantage, but Mr. Adelman suggested that other loopholes would then emerge. “Do you not hold festivals near hills or tall trees?” he wondered. “Do you ban trucks?”

Mr. Dorenfeld offered a similarly rueful hypothetical. Does every festival now have to be like Bonnaroo, “in the middle of an open field?” But he stressed that procedures are constantly evolving. “I go to these festivals and I look around and I’m so impressed,” he said. “Security is really good and it’ll just get better.”

For the people behind Austin City Limits, which will bring 75,000 music fans to Zilker Park in Austin, Tex., this weekend, the question of how to keep people safe is now freighted with even more pressing urgency than usual.

Security professionals and some event promoters have called for expanding the perimeter around so-called soft targets, and for increased coordination between venues and neighboring businesses.

Following the Las Vegas shooting, the producer of the Austin festival, C3 Presents, released a statement detailing a “layered security plan that includes elements that are seen and unseen,” and that will include “an enhanced security and law enforcement presence inside and outside the festival.”

The company also announced that it would offer refunds to any fans concerned about safety.

The Austin police chief, Brian Manley, said on Monday: “It’s not that it’s a threat that we are not aware of, but whenever you have an incident occur you always have to be concerned about copycats — someone that looks at this as an opportunity.” In a news conference, he added that officers had already visited condos on the park’s north side that partly overlook the festival grounds.

Chief Manley struggled to buoy his tone while speaking to would-be festival attendees, though he urged them to continue to “do the things that we enjoy.”

But he ended the news conference with an unvarnished caveat. “We live in a world now where you cannot protect against every single threat,” he said.

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